Unlocking the Secrets: 5 Unique and Surprising Facts About Ancient Egyptian Civilization You Need to Know

Uncover 5 unique and surprising facts about Ancient Egyptian civilization! Explore their advanced medical knowledge, legal system, music scene, and as

The civilization of Ancient Egypt is widely recognized as one of the most intriguing and captivating in the annals of history. From its pyramids to its pharaohs, the ancient Egyptians have left an indelible mark on the world. However, while many of us may know about the famous rulers and monuments of Ancient Egypt, there are plenty of lesser-known facts about this civilization that are just as intriguing. In this article, we'll explore five unique facts about the history of Ancient Egyptian civilization that you rarely hear about.

Unique Fact #1: Ancient Egyptians had advanced medical knowledge

When we think of medical advancements, we tend to associate them with modern times. However, the ancient Egyptians were surprisingly adept at medicine. They had a comprehensive understanding of the human body and were skilled at diagnosing and treating various ailments.

One of the key tools of Ancient Egyptian medicine was the use of herbs and other natural remedies. The Ebers Papyrus, an Ancient Egyptian medical text, contains detailed descriptions of over 800 different remedies for various illnesses. These remedies included things like honey, aloe vera, and myrrh.

The Ancient Egyptians also had a deep understanding of anatomy. They were the first civilization to recognize the importance of the heart in the circulatory system, for example. They also understood that the brain was the center of the nervous system.

In addition to natural remedies and anatomical knowledge, the Ancient Egyptians also had surgical tools and techniques. They performed surgeries for a variety of reasons, including the removal of tumors and the setting of broken bones.

While their medical practices may seem primitive by modern standards, the Ancient Egyptians were surprisingly advanced for their time. In fact, many of their remedies and techniques are still used today.

Unique Fact #2: Ancient Egyptians used makeup for more than just aesthetic purposes

When we think of makeup, we tend to think of it as a tool for enhancing beauty. However, for the Ancient Egyptians, makeup had much deeper significance.

Makeup was an integral part of Ancient Egyptian culture, and both men and women used it on a daily basis. They used it not only to enhance their appearance but also as a form of protection from the sun and as a symbol of social status.

One of the key makeup products used by the Ancient Egyptians was kohl. This black powder was made from a mixture of galena, malachite, and charcoal, and was used to outline the eyes. It was believed to have protective properties, and was thought to ward off evil spirits and disease.

In addition to kohl, the Ancient Egyptians also used a variety of other makeup products, including lipsticks, blushes, and even nail polish. They used natural ingredients like henna and iron oxide to create these products, and many of their techniques are still used today.

Unique Fact #3: Ancient Egyptians had a complex legal system

When we think of Ancient Egypt, we tend to think of a society ruled by pharaohs and governed by religious tradition. However, the Ancient Egyptians also had a complex legal system that was surprisingly sophisticated.

The Ancient Egyptian legal system was based on a set of laws known as the "Ma'at". These laws were based on the principles of truth, justice, and harmony, and were designed to maintain order in society.

The Ma'at covered a wide range of legal issues, including property rights, contract law, and criminal law. Punishments for crimes ranged from fines to imprisonment to execution.

In addition to the Ma'at, the Ancient Egyptians also had a court system. These courts were presided over by judges who were appointed by the pharaoh. The courts were responsible for hearing cases and making judgments based on the Ma'at.

The Ancient Egyptian legal system was surprisingly fair and just. The judges were known for their impartiality and were not swayed by social status or personal connections. In fact, even the pharaoh was subject to the law.

One of the most famous legal cases in Ancient Egypt was the "Harem Conspiracy". This involved a plot by several members of the pharaoh's harem to overthrow him. The plot was discovered and the conspirators were put on trial. The judges found them guilty, and they were sentenced to death.

Overall, the Ancient Egyptian legal system was remarkably advanced for its time. It laid the foundation for many of the legal systems that exist today.

Unique Fact #4: Ancient Egyptians had a diverse and vibrant music scene

When we think of music, we tend to think of modern genres like pop, rock, and hip-hop. However, music has been an important part of human culture for thousands of years, and the Ancient Egyptians were no exception.

The Ancient Egyptians had a rich and diverse music scene that included a variety of instruments and styles. They used music in religious ceremonies, festivals, and other cultural events.

Some of the key instruments used in Ancient Egyptian music included the harp, the flute, and the lyre. These instruments were often decorated with elaborate designs and were seen as symbols of social status.

In addition to instruments, the Ancient Egyptians also had a variety of vocal styles. These included solo singing, choral singing, and even the use of animal sounds.

One of the most famous examples of Ancient Egyptian music is the "Song of the Harper". This was a popular song that was often performed at funerals. The song tells the story of a harpist who is seeking entrance into the afterlife.

Overall, the Ancient Egyptian music scene was remarkably diverse and vibrant. It was an important part of their culture and helped to shape the music that we listen to today.

Unique Fact #5: Ancient Egyptians were skilled astronomers

When we think of astronomy, we tend to think of modern telescopes and space probes. However, the Ancient Egyptians were surprisingly skilled at astronomy, despite not having access to modern technology.

The Ancient Egyptians were particularly interested in the movements of the stars and planets. They believed that the movements of these celestial bodies were linked to the fortunes of individuals and society as a whole.

To study the stars, the Ancient Egyptians developed a system of astronomical observations. They would observe the stars at different times of the year and record their positions in relation to other celestial bodies.

They also developed a calendar system based on their astronomical observations. This calendar had 365 days and was divided into 12 months of 30 days each, with an additional five days at the end of the year.

One of the most famous astronomical discoveries made by the Ancient Egyptians was the recognition of the cycle of the star Sirius. They realized that Sirius appeared in the sky just before the annual flooding of the Nile River, and used this knowledge to develop their calendar system.

Overall, the Ancient Egyptians were surprisingly skilled at astronomy. Their observations and discoveries laid the foundation for many of the astronomical principles that we use today.


The history of Ancient Egyptian civilization is rich and complex, and there are many unique facts about this civilization that are often overlooked. From their advanced medical knowledge to their vibrant music scene, the Ancient Egyptians were a remarkably sophisticated society.

By exploring these lesser-known aspects of Ancient Egyptian history, we gain a deeper understanding of this fascinating civilization. We can appreciate their achievements and recognize their enduring legacy in the modern world.

In conclusion, the Ancient Egyptians were a truly remarkable people, and their contributions to human culture are still being felt today.

The best of humanity is the one who is most beneficial to others. When someone has passed away, their deeds are severed except for three things: ongoing charity (Sadaqah Jariyah), beneficial knowledge, and a righteous child who prays for their parents.